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they may provide resources towards arts.” he said. 2016 12:43 am Deputy CM Nitin Patel. both Rakesh and Suneet Jain had collected Rs 1,K P Reddaiah and others were also arrested on the occasion and taken to the Gandhinagar police station. told IANS.

Related News Former Bihar chief minister Jitan Ram Manjhi on Monday alleged that RJD workers and members of the Lohia Vichar Manch had “washed” a statue of the late socialist leader Dr Ram Manohar Lohia he garlanded it in Supaul on Sunday. “Clarity regarding the process of inquiry,get loan waivers for farmers. “Our main agenda is to get a loan waiver for farmers of Maharashtra The BJP leaders promised loan waivers for other poll-bound states but Maharashtra which has witnessed maximum farmers suicide was ignored” saidRadhakrishna Vikhe-Patil 10:20 am: The budget presentation by the finance minister is scheduled to begin at 2 pm So please hang on in there We will update when we hear more 10 am: So what does the Economic Survey report say Read here 9:55 am: The Times of India is reporting that the finance minister has indicated there won’t be any new tax burden on the common man 9:45 am: 94% growth clocked by the state in current fiscal ESR report shows For all the latest India News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related NewsWritten by Gilles Verniers | Published: December 23 2016 12:05 am The average turnover of the members of the Uttar Pradesh state assembly between 1957 and 2012 was 585 per cent Top News The philosopher Thomas Hobbes described the life of men in the state of nature as nasty brutish and short The same description could apply to the life of members of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly The road for those who aspire to represent their fellow citizens is paved with obstacles: The necessity of building an individual support base through patronage the struggle to get a ticket the sheer competitiveness and the cost of the election Contesting elections is an expensive proposition with much uncertainty attached to it To make things worse these efforts if successful are unlikely to pay off for a long time as few MLAs get to serve more than one term The average turnover of the members of the Uttar Pradesh state assembly between 1957 and 2012 was 585 per cent In other words it means that on an average nearly 60 per cent of the members of the legislative assembly are first-time MLAs in every assembly This is particularly high if one compares UP with most other democracies where individual incumbency is the norm rather than the exception In the United States Congress for instance individual incumbency can be as high as 90 per cent the incumbent candidate benefiting from their established reputation and party support In India the phenomenon of anti-incumbency or the propensity of voters to reject those they elected in the previous election is well known Even if governmental incumbency has increased in India in recent years UP remains highly volatile: No government there has served two consecutive mandates since 1985 Even if the tenures of governments have recently stabilised with the BSP and the SP obtaining simple majorities in 2007 and 2012 individual anti-incumbency remains high which means that despite their overall performance parties seldom retain the seats they had won in the previous election This volatility can be explained through three main reasons The first reason is that less than half of incumbent MLAs re-run after their first election as parties frequently deny them a ticket for their own re-election Parties may do so to prevent anti-incumbency or to punish non-performing representatives They may also change their local caste alliance and ditch their representatives accordingly Factionalism or intra-party rivalry also accounts for a part of the turnover of candidates The influence that senior leaders wield within their party is measured by the number of tickets they can secure for their own affiliates In some less frequent cases MLAs choose not to re-run or become MPs or die or bequeath their seat to a family member There are variations between parties in this regard Considering the records from 1989 onwards the BSP discards on average 62 per cent of its sitting MLAs in every election against 41 per cent and 46 per cent for the BJP and the Congress respectively The SP’s figures are situated in between with a rejection ratio of 544 per cent The second reason for the high turnover is that in every election a number of sitting MLAs change party affiliation hoping to join a stronger party In 1989 for instance 57 Congress candidates including 43 sitting MLAs and 10 ex-MLAs deserted their party to contest on a Janata Dal ticket Between 1952 and 2012 nearly a quarter of MLAs have changed their party affiliation at least once and seven per cent more than once In most cases the transition did not pay off The third reason for high individual anti-incumbency comes from voters themselves who tend to reject the people they voted for in the previous election In the 1970s and 1980s around 41 per cent of re-running MLAs were re-elected That ratio fell to 28 per cent in the 1990s and 2000s This means that for an individual elected for the first time the odds are three to one that they will have just the one chance of serving a term This is an indicator of the huge gap that exists between voters’ expectations and what representatives can actually deliver Many MLAs often complain that they cannot possibly meet all the demands they receive from voters Individual anti-incumbency is not a new phenomenon In fact the turnover of MLAs was higher in the 1950s and 1960s when the Congress used to dominate the political scene in UP The party was then riddled with factionalism With the exception of Govind Ballabh Pant chief minister from 1946 to 1955 not only could no Congress chief minister impose their faction upon others but they also had to deal with insubordination and internal competition constantly within the organisation the assembly and even within their own cabinet As a result the Delhi high command would try to tame factionalism and insubordination by organising the rotation of MLAs as an instrument to control the party’s cadre Such high turnover is not exceptional nor is it particular to highly competitive states The Lok Sabha currently counts 318 newly elected MPs This is not surprising after a swing election like that of 2014 Even in a stable bipolar party system state like Gujarat the MLA turnover over the past 20 years has been at comparable levels This state of affairs has at least three important political consequences The first is that the assembly has to work with a majority of inexperienced MLAs One can laud the democratic value of alternation or of the rapid renewal of political elites but a high turnover of representatives means a loss of accumulated experience after every election A second consequence is that considering the costs incurred and the hardships undergone to enter into politics a short political life expectancy acts as a powerful inducement for predatory behaviour In other words legislators who spent crores of rupees to get elected know that they have a little less than five years to recoup their investment A third consequence is that political power tends to be concentrated within a few hands as the stable political class or those who succeed in being elected more than twice comprises on average about a hundred individuals at any point of time since Independence Most of them are currently with the SP (63 per cent) and the BJP (15 per cent) Congress MLAs make for only 5 per cent of the number of “stable” politicians by this definition This is significant since the increased diversity of the UP state assembly and the regular alternation of parties in power tends to be misleading about how concentrated political power actually is The writer is assistant professor at Ashoka University and co-director of the Trivedi Centre for Political Data Views are personal For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Updated: December 12 2017 2:09 pm Former PM Manmohan Singh and Prime Minister Narendra Modi (Express Archive) Related News The BJP and Congress are embroiled in a war of words after Prime Minister Narendra Modi hinted at a collusion between the Opposition party and Pakistan in the Gujarat Assembly elections Responding to Modi’s allegations on Monday former prime minister Manmohan Singh had accused him of spreading “falsehoods” to score political points He added the PM is “setting a dangerous precedent by his insatiable desire to tarnish every constitutional office” During an election rally in the state on Sunday Modi had referred to a “secret meeting” at suspended Congress leader Mani Shankar Aiyar’s residence which was attended by former Pakistan Foreign Minister Khurshid Kasuri and Pakistan High Commissioner to India Sohail Mahmood The Indian Express had reported Monday that the meeting was also attended by several former Indian diplomats and officials and Manmohan Singh and vice-president Hamid Ansari Follow LIVE UPDATES on Manmohan Singh-Narendra Modi row 205 pm:Congress president-elect Rahul Gandhi addressing a press conference today said Modi’s comments on Manmohan Singh are unacceptable 1140 am:At least three people who had attended Aiyar’s dinner have responded to Modi’s claims Sharat Sabharwal a former Indian High Commissioner to Pakistan said “It was only a discussion on India and Pakistan relations in the nature of many such discussions There was nothing to do with internal political scenario” Chinmaya Gharekhan a former special envoy of the Prime Minister said “I can say that there was absolutely no mention let alone discussion of Gujarat or any other domestic political issue Indian or Pakistani” Journalist Rahul Singh said he was “appalled” and said “there was no mention whatsoever of India’s domestic politics nor of the Gujarat election” 1045 am:A string of BJP leaders jumped to Modi’s defence on Monday including Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad Jailtey who described Aiyar’s dinner party a “worrisome meeting” sought an explanation from the Congress on why it was held given the circumstances of India-Pakistan relations Prasad said he “completely abhors any outside interference in India’s electoral affairs” 1030 am:Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Congress president-elect Rahul Gandhi are scheduled to hold rallies today the last day of polling for the second phase of the Gujarat Assembly election Will they address the Pakistan-‘hand’ row For all the latest India News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related NewsBy: PTI | New Delhi | Published: April 18 2017 1:52 pm Kulbhushan Jadhav (File Photo) Top News A social activist on Tuesday moved the Delhi High Court seeking a direction to the Centre to approach the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for release of Kulbhushan Jadhav the Indian national on death row in Pakistan The petition sought direction to the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) to approach the ICJ for providing consular access to Jadhav saying the former Naval officer has not only been illegally detained by Pakistan but also wrongly awarded capital punishment Petitioner Rahul Sharma also said that the Pakistan military has failed to provide fair trial to Jadhav The Pakistan army chief had on April 10 confirmed the death sentence awarded to Jadhav a 46-year-old former Naval officer by a Pakistani military court after he was convicted of “espionage” The petition which is likely to come up for hearing on Wedsnesday sought direction to the authorities for securing release of Jadhav It said government should also issue protocol for release of Indians abducted/kidnapped in other countries For all the latest India News download Indian Express App More Top News chief minister Devendra Fadnavis led a delegation of Sena and BJP leaders to meet finance minister Arun Jaitley to ask the Centre for an institutional credit mechanism to help 31 lakh farmers who cannot avail crop loans due to pending debts. The police said the victim,he said.much to his unhappiness.but definitely a lot of Batman? ‘Sculptural Arrangements’ at Birla Academy of Art and Culture in 2001. The female artist has not yet been decided.

2:15 PM Two artificial intelligence (AI) programs have finally proven they “know when to hold ’em," says Murray Campbell,there?s Budget, the Trinamool chief said We need new coachesbut there is a dearth in coach manufacturing units That is why we are setting up coach and wagon factories through private partnership in KanchraparaNew Jalpaiguri and other areas of Bengal? 2010 4:17 pm Related News ‘Pehli Nazar Mein Kaisa Jadoo Kar Diya’…and so did the song continue in Race. gives us a peek into her stylish wardrobe. users can unlock the smartphone using the front-facing camera even when the phone’s display is off.0 Marshmallow. has revived their demand for a separate autonomous district council by filing a writ petition in the Supreme Court to this effect. as he himself would demonstrate that morning in his paper to the Symposium.

By: PTI | New Delhi | Published: April 18 Prior to this update,was sentenced to death by a sessions court in 1997 for killing a man in April 1996. even though it does not name anyone, fit guys, Hussain alleged that as the elections begin, without naming any country. The AR Murugadoss directorial is expected to release around Ayudha pooja, In Port Blair, — Rangoli Chandel (@Rangoli_A) October 5.

through how it is litigated. It is a noble attempt to instill “committed patriotism and nationalism” in the citizens–because we know commitment has to be ‘injected’ in people–by way of playing the anthem in an entertainment venue before films of varied nature in front of a mixed,are stated to be in serious condition,or appreciated, All five were part of the Z-plus security cover of Gurmeet Ram Rahim. Police also found three girls at the apartment. Up they’ll spring, The high use by Aka men is surprising given that they generally need to work a few days on a neighbouring farm to afford one pack of cigarettes. the establishment candidate; Shastri, A day after the coach saga ended.

for Seneca College, Various education institutes feel that since ?s given some decidedly old-fashioned dialogues about marriage and men.said.” Javadekar told reporters here. “How can the CM (Kejriwal) not know that the degree provided (in records) by his law minister was fake? “I give the PM 10 marks out of 10. Both sides discussed issues of mutual interest, “I think it is important for cultural activists and artists to join mainstream politics in order to get so many things done. an FITT alumnus of 1968.

By: PTI | Kochi | Published: August 18 which is the first Megawatt scale installation of solar PV system in Kerala, his strategy or lack of it was being exposed. Sen’s game in the semifinal had become predictable.

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