New York’s ambitious offshore wind plans can benefit from advances in Europe FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Greentech Media:New York state will look to the world leader in offshore wind deployment for advice on how to connect sea-based projects to mainland grids.European nations have together installed nearly 16,000 megawatts of offshore wind capacity. The United States has thus far managed just one 30-megawatt project, the Block Island Wind Farm, off Rhode Island.Earlier this month, Governor Andrew Cuomo’s office announced that the New York Power Authority (NYPA) would lead a study of successful offshore wind transmission models, particularly in Europe, to determine the most cost-effective way to build interconnections for the 2,400 megawatts of capacity to be installed off the coast of New York by 2030.“This came out of work both NYSERDA [New York State Energy Research and Development Authority] and NYPA had been doing to try to investigate how New York state can bring down the cost of offshore wind and reach the governor’s offshore wind target, 2,400 megawatts,” Robert F. Lurie, executive vice president and CFO of NYPA, told Greentech Media in an interview. “In order to do that much offshore wind,” he added, “we at NYPA felt that one of the unexplored areas for cost reduction was the transmission part of the equation.”According to New York’s offshore wind master plan, transmission could account for 30 percent of the total project costs of an offshore wind farm.In July, New York’s Public Service Commission confirmed the timeline for the first phase of the state’s offshore wind deployment. In the fourth quarter of this year, NYSERDA will issue a solicitation for 800 megawatts of offshore wind, in coordination with NYPA and the Long Island Power Authority. Winning bids are scheduled to be announced in the second quarter of 2019.According to Lurie, developers for that first 800 megawatts of offshore wind capacity will likely be responsible for building the transmission to connect the projects to onshore grids. But based on the findings of the new transmission study, different models could be employed for future projects.“In the longer term, as we build out a much higher volume of projects, we need to investigate other options for how to bring the costs down for transmission,” he said.The study aims to answer a series of questions. Who should own transmission? A public entity? One or more private entities? Or a consortium of entities? Who should finance transmission?And how should projects be connected to mainland grids? Should planners opt for radial interconnections (a single cable connecting an individual project to the onshore grid), or a networked solution in which a few major connections act as hubs to connect distant offshore projects to online transmission?Advice from EuropeSoon after New York announced the launch of its transmission models study, Wilfried Breuer published an op-ed at NJ Spotlight, a New Jersey politics and policy website, advising policymakers to follow Europe’s example and keep offshore wind project generation and transmission separate. Governor Phil Murphy signed an executive order in January directing New Jersey regulators to put the state on a path to deploy 3,500 megawatts of offshore wind by 2030.Breuer is managing director of TenneT Offshore and a member of the executive board of its parent company TenneT Holding B.V. TenneT is a transmission system operator (TSO) that has connected 5,300 megawatts of offshore wind in Germany and the Netherlands to mainland grids.“Building an offshore grid separately from the wind farms and offering access to the power grid on a nondiscriminatory basis is the key to creating a level playing field for competition between offshore generators,” he wrote.He went on, “As can be seen in the declining prices offered by those generators in Germany and the Netherlands, providing access to an offshore grid stimulates innovation and cost reductions in the offshore wind industry.”More: New York Looks to Europe for Successful Offshore Wind Transmission Models
De Jong agreed with Lindqvist’s second explanation. “If I travel with my company, each of us has our own interests. Some want to hike, others want to go to clubs, others just lie on the beach, and if there is a destination that offers it all, we would rather choose it. But on the other hand, it is important to have a collective experience. All destinations should set this thesisHe said. Finally, they referred to the trend of sustainable forms of travel, ie alternatives to air transport. Passengers are increasingly aware of the “carbon footprint” they leave. “In Sweden, more and more companies are promoting alternative forms of transport such as trains or bicycles. Sustainable forms of transport are no longer just a trend, they have moved to a new level”, Explains Lindqvist. Booking.com recently posted its own trend forecast which could affect the tourism industry next year. “There is already a lot of talk about electric passenger planes that should appear in the next 20 years or so. But twenty years is not a small amount and I am worried about what will happen in the meantime”, Adds de Jong. Another of the fastest growing trends in the industry are destinations that offer a large number of different experiences and attractions. “One of the more cynical explanations is the emergence of the so-called ‘copy and duplicate’ trend. In other words, almost every major destination, no matter where it is located, offers exactly the same facilities as the other. Another explanation is that too many people visit a small number of destinations, as we have already talked about”, Explained Lindqvist. Source / photo: Booking.com; Pexels When asked why travelers are less and less visiting the most famous destinations, Lindqvist answered that the biggest reason is the increase in mass tourism. He adds that he believes that travelers will increasingly choose destinations where they can take refuge and escape from the fast-paced and crowded world. “I always remember the currently very popular photos of a long line of people waiting to climb Mount Everest. It is this photo that shows how many people are attracted to the same destination”, Said Lindqvist and added:”Over the next few years, people will begin to choose smaller, unfamiliar and peaceful destinations as their holiday destination.” BOOKING.COM FORECASTS TRENDS IN THE WORLD OF TRAVEL FOR 2020 “I live in the center of Amsterdam and, if you take a closer look, you will see that there are always more tourists there than locals”, De Jong added. As for some new trends yet to emerge, de Jong predicts that trips on which they can mentally rest will become increasingly important to travelers. “People are constantly using mobile phones, laptops and tablets while they are on vacation, and they return home even more tired. In the last few years, the so-called ‘digital detox’ packages have appeared, which, interestingly, are offered by luxury hotels. I think that ‘classic’ holidays, in which we relax, rest and experience the destination without digital technologies, will return to the trend over time.”, He concluded. RELATED NEWS: Referring to technological development and its impact on the tourism industry, de Jong believes that digital assistants are the future of travel. “Computer assistants with developed emotional intelligence will be able to suggest, analyzing our behavior, vacation, or journey that is created according to our desires, interests, needs, and capabilities. But something like this will not develop before 2030, although there are already similar implementations of that ideaHe said. And what are the long-term trends in tourism, they tried in a new episode of theirs podcast, learned from futurologist Thimon de Jong and futurological pioneer Magnus Lindkvist who shared their views on these predictions – from the rise of travel to “secondary destinations” to the growing popularity of destinations with a handful of different experiences and attractions.
“Now I would even say this is not only disappointing – this is disheartening,” Chinese Ambassador Liu Xiaoming told the Centre for European Reform, adding that Britain had “simply dumped this company”.”The way you are treating Huawei is being followed very closely by other Chinese businesses, and it will be very difficult for other businesses to have the confidence to have more investment,” he said.As Britain prepares to cast off from the European Union, fears over the security of Huawei have forced New York-born Johnson to take sides in the rivalry between the United States and China.In Beijing, the foreign ministry cast Britain as “a relatively small place” that was becoming subservient of the United States. “Does the UK want to maintain its independent status or be reduced to being a vassal of the United States, be the US’s cats paw?” Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said. “The safety of Chinese investment in the UK is being greatly threatened.”Chinese moneyBritain has become increasingly reliant on Chinese imports. Some 9% of all goods imported into Britain in 2018 – worth 43 billion pounds ($54 billion) – came from China, double the proportion from 15 years earlier.But British companies have also invested increasingly in China. Between 2013 and 2018, they more than doubled their investment position in the world’s No.2 economy to 16 billion pounds, according to official British data.By contrast, Chinese investment in British companies stood at 1.8 billion pounds in 2018 – far below that of the United States, which is the biggest single foreign investor in Britain.Trump identifies China as the United States’ main geopolitical rival, and has accused the Communist Party-ruled state of taking advantage over trade and not telling the truth over the novel coronavirus outbreak, which he calls the “China plague”.Washington and its allies say Huawei technology could be used to spy for China. Huawei has denied this.”We convinced many countries, many countries – I did this myself for the most part – not to use Huawei, because we think it’s an unsafe security risk, it’s a big security risk,” Trump told reporters in the White House Rose Garden on Tuesday.”I talked many countries out of using it: if they want to do business with us, they can’t use it. Just today, I believe that UK announced that they’re not going to be using it.”Britain has said that its ban on Huawei is motivated by its own security concerns and by worries that supplies of Huawei gear could be interrupted by US sanctions.It denied that Trump alone was responsible for the Huawei ban. Asked about the comments, British Health Secretary Matt Hancock said: “Well, we all know Donald Trump, don’t we.” Topics : China warned British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Wednesday that his decision to ban Huawei from the 5G network would cost Britain dearly in investment, casting the move as the result of politicized pressure from US President Donald Trump.Hours after Johnson ordered Huawei equipment to be purged from the nascent 5G network by the end of 2027, Trump claimed credit for the decision and said that if countries wanted to do business with the United States they should block Huawei.But China, whose $15 trillion economy is five times the size of Britain’s, warned the decision would hurt investment as Chinese companies had watched as London “dumped” the national telecoms champion.